Student: Duong Kim Duyen
Instructor: Mr Vu Hai Ha
In class writing 1
The chart represents the correlation between the number of Japanese tourists traveling overseas and the proportion of the Japanese visiting Australia between 1985 and 1995. Generally, the trend of both figures was obviously upwards during the decade. As can be seen from the line graph, Japanese tourists hardly traveled in Australia until 1985 when Australia’s share of Japan’s tourist market reached 2 percent in the total of 4 million tourists going abroad. In the period of 1985 to 1989, the number of Japanese vacationers doubled to over 8 million people while the percentage of Australia’s share tripled to just below 6 percent. However, in the next 5years, there was a difference in the trend of two figures. The number of tourists going abroad climbed slightly by 1 million; meanwhile, the proportion of travelers visiting Australia declined sharply to just above 4 percent between 1989 and 1990. In the three first years of the 1990s, there was a rapid increase of 2 percent in the Australia’s share; whereas, Japan’s tourist market fluctuated gently before remaining stable with 12 million tourists in 1993. From 1993 to 1995, the number of Japanese visitors going overseas hit a peak of 15 million people. Similarly, the number of travelers visiting Australia reached a top of approximately 1,3 million in 1994 though was off the peak to 1,2 million visitors in the next year.
In-class writing 2
The table represents the proportion of the rooms occupied in six hotels during May to September from 1985 to 2000. In general, the hotels can be divided into three groups namely five-star, four- star and three-star ones. The first category consists of two five-star hotels both of which experienced a sharp decrease in the percentage of occupied rooms during the period. In the first 5 years, the hotel business in both hotels was stable with 90 % and 100 % of occupied rooms respectively. In 1995, however, these figures declined steeply to 30 % in Hotel Concorde and slightly to 95 % in Hamilton’s. There was a difference in the next year when Hotel Concorde was on the way to 65 % while Hamilton’s lost 20 %. The second group was the four-star hotel, the Towel. This group witnessed a 28 % increase to 85 % in 1990 before a decline of 30 % in the next 5 years. Nevertheless, this figure turned over to reach the 1990 level in 2000. The final category was five-star hotels. The general trend in this category was upwards. Hampton remained its lead in the percentage of occupied rooms with 100 % during the period though there was a gentle decrease of 10 % in 1995. The next rank about the proportion of rooms which were resided in belonged to Hotel Olivia. In 1985, 90 % of the rooms in this hotel were occupied in comparison with 79 % in the Continental. In the period of 1990 to 1995, there was a contrast in these two figures. Hotel Olivia decreased to 85 % before an increase of 4 %; meanwhile, the Continental experienced a rise of 4 % before declining to 70 %. However, in the next five years, both figures slightly increased.
Writing task 1
Topic: “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”. How far do you agree?”
The topic “Eating and health” has been enjoying its heyday. Nowadays many people are concerned about the role of eating habits in the disease and illness prevention as a saying goes, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”. To some extent, I agree that healthy meals improve not only the physical health but also the mental wellness.
Generally, this saying conveys two layers of meanings though both imply the role of eating habits on disease prevention. The narrow sense is the health benefits of apples like promoting health and ̣̣checking illness. Apples, full of vitamin C, enforce the immune system and felons, as well as reduce cholesterol in blood. In addition, they serve to prevent tooth decay by cleaning teeth. They were also proved to minimize brain problems like Alzheimer’s disease, a progressive and degenerative disease of the brain that leads to dementia according to Cornell University researchers.
However, more important is the hidden meaning of the symbol “an apple”. Since the introduction of the food guide pyramid, “an apple” has meant “a well-balanced meal” which has positive impacts on our physical and metal health. Foods provide us with energy for daily activities such as playing, learning and working. A well-balanced diet must contain three main resources of energy including carbohydrates, protein and fat. Carbohydrates are a great source of energy for our body. Fat helps our body grow with fuel while protein partly builds strong muscles and bones. Therefore, being provided with those nutrients, our health can be comprehensively enhanced and prevented from diseases. According to a study reported July 2003 in The Journal of the American Medical Association, healthy nutrition can lower cholesterol, heart diseases and cancers.
A well-balanced diet betters not only the physical health but also mental wellness. Brain like many other organs in the body, also needs the certain nutrients to function well. Our brains need raw materials like fruits, vegetables or oil-rich fish to produce chemicals called neuro-transmitters that regulate mood. A study in the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology (2002) found that using the intake of certain nutrients aided in normalizing children brain function. Specifically, we will easily become depressed and badly moody due to a lack of healthy nutrition. In a British study, 80 percent of individuals with mood disorders affirmed that food choices affected how they felt.
The supporters of the opposite side may argue that exercising is more important than a balanced diet. They claim to boost their health by practicing exercises and eating little foods. This may lead to an endless debate like the famous philosophical one on whether the chicken or the egg came first. It is true that exercising is necessary for a good health. However, our body also needs energy derived from a variety of foods to perform well. Particularly, without enough energy, we may be exhausted while exercising. Consequently, a well-balanced diet enables us to do physical activities.
In conclusion, well-balanced meals play a vital role in strengthening our body and refreshing our mind. Therefore, we should eat well to enjoy life.
Writing task 2
Topic: Vietnamese youngsters are losing their cultural identity due to negative influences from other cultures. How far do you agree?
In globalization, Vietnamese culture have opportunities to be enriched. However, it also faces challenges of assimilation. It is a concern that Vietnamese youngsters are copycatting the foreign culture and has been losing their culture identity in some ways, especially through foreign press and media. Specifically, their spirit, appearance and behaviors have been being badly altered through the time.
To begin with, the attitude of youngsters is different from the former generations, especially about the opinions on freedom and consumer goods. The Vietnamese traditionally stick to the Confucian attitude system, and the socialism.The Vietnamese people regard the term “freedom” as the nation freedom while now the youth wrongly refer it as the individual one”. As a result, they have been selfish as they think they have right to do everything they like without paying attention to others’ feelings. In fact, some of them abuse the term “freedom” or copycat the foreign rationality. Some state that they admire the American youth who are free to do everything. Another influence of the foreign is the consumer goods. The Vietnamese culture is sentimental. The youth, now, don’t pay much attention to this value but prefer to chasing the material ones.
As a result of wrong attitude adaptation, their appearance has been deformed. It is noticeable that contemporary teenagers quickly copycat the different styles of foreign people in the global trend. Their hair is dyed red or blue and made backwards. The clearer identity is clothing fashion. The majority of teenagers want to wear like the foreign film stars, which is not suitable in the Vietnamese wearing traditions, according to the Youth Magazine (2009). They are willing to put on short skirts or low-collar trousers, but hesitant to dress traditional “ao dai” in the traditional festivals or formal events.
Besides the outside changes, some Vietnamese youngsters have changed inside. It is clearly seen that they have been involved in sex and paralanguage. Vietnamese people regard virginity as the precious value. Unfortunately, “Some foreign-sponsored media programs, applying content and values of the West, have made young people feel that they can have sex before marriage as long as it is safe sex” said Doctor Nguyen Huu Nguyen of the Ho Chi Minh City Development Institute. Nhu Lich (2008) stated that a survey conducted among Vietnamese youth in 2007 found 7.6 percent of 7,548 teenagers said they’d already had sex. This actually destroys the family traditions in Vietnam. In addition, the language is mixed, which is called paralanguage. Some teenagers want to show off their modern style by speaking out the mixture of Vietnamese and Korean even though they are blind at Korean. The
Nonetheless, some teens say that traditional culture of Vietnam is backward and prevents them from integrate into the world in the market economy. It seems to be right that some of Vietnamese customs are not suitable in the current situations. However, Vietnamese has its own culture hidden and precious traditions which the youth may be ignorant of. Moreover, the belief and lifestyle is different among countries. Binh Duong university (2009) said that the western culture has the positive values which we should study but it hides a negative side like the consumer goods, personal freedom and selfishness. Therefore, it is good to copycat all the culture but must know how to adapt the foreign culture in a suitable way.
In conclusion, since foreign cultures have both negative and positive sides, the Vietnamese youngsters must wisely adapt the foreign culture to enrich their own tradition. Moreover, they should keep and promote their precious customs to remain a Vietnam of culture hidden.
Writing task 3
Topic: How has tourism in Vietnam changed in the past 10 years? What effects do these changes have on our lives?
Vietnam is frequently viewed as a friendly and safe destination and ranked as one of the most attractive destinations in the world over the next decade. Vietnamese tourism has gradually changes its faces in respects of tourism market and investments. As a result, the residents’ lives have been transformed in the eco-cultural aspects.
According to a survey by the World Travel and Tourism Council and Oxford Economic Forecasting (2006), Vietnam ranks 6th among countries with the fastest rates of tourism and travel growth. To Thi Luong (2008) proved that over the past years, the number of tourists in Vietnamese tourism market has been increasing sharply. Remarkably, the foreigners traveling in Vietnam reached the peak of 658 thousands visitors in 2007 after standing still in 2003 because of SARD disease effects. However, the most significant in tourism is the increasing demand of the local residents. The rate of Vietnamese visitors by tour increased by 2.1% in 2006, in comparison with 2005. These figures indicate that the difference in the quantity of international and domestic customers in Vietnam Tourism industry has been bridged.
Moreover, infrastructures and service supply have been transformed with internal and external investments. According to Vietnam news (2006)
There are more than 6,000 institutions that operate in the accommodation business nationwide with more than 130,000 rooms, including 18 five-star hotels, 48 four-star hotels and 300 international tourist companies.
Along with the increasing number of buildings, the investment on other tourism infrastructures has risen. For the past five years, the government has funded VND 2,146 billion in key tourism centres with 358 projects in 58 provinces and centrally-run cities while 190 foreign direct investment projects have been signed with a total registered capital of US $4.64 billion in 29 provinces and cities according to Nhan Dan Newspaper (2006). In addition, the services have been also paid more attention with wider ranges of tours such as trekking, mountain climbing, sea diving, cave exploration, and travelling trans-Vietnam by bicycle, motorbike and car. Many services like accommodation, medicine and foods have been integrated to satisfy the customers’ needs.
The above changes exert positive impacts on the eco-cultural aspects of the local residents’ life. For the economic respect, tourism industry has helped increase local residents’ budget and job opportunities. As mass tourism develops, the tourism industry has earned more than VND 30 billion. The local residents also have got a big amount of money by selling souvenirs and aboriginal products or operating restaurants and rented rooms. Moreover, people have had greater chances to access available jobs while most of local residents in tourist attractions are poor and low qualified. According to Nhan Dan Newspaper (2006) Tourism activities have created jobs for more than 234,000 direct employees and about 510,000 indirect employees. Regarding to cultural aspect, this non-smoke industry stimulates local authorities and citizens to preserve and popularize the local culture heritages which are inviting to tourists. In addition, local residents and visitors can have a chance to exchange culture to understand each other. As a result, the local culture is introduced to the outside world and enriched.
In conclusion, Vietnamese tourism has confirmed its important role in the national economy thanks to its recent development. In future, the non-smoke industry is expected to expand its popularity all over the world when Ha Long bay is opening a new look about Vietnam hidden charm to the outside world.
Writing task 6
Topic: What discovery in the last 100 years has been most beneficial for people in your country? Are there any problems along with these benefits? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
For the past century, the world technology has been stepping into a new field, space utilization. Vietnam catches up with this trend by successfully launching Vinasat-1 in the earth orbit. This latest breakthrough in telecommunication and information technology brings local residents economic, social and politic benefits.
This telecommunications satellite helps many firms in telecommunication service sector to save money and increase the quality of services. According to Manh Hung (2008), external businesses and organization can save 10 million USD per year to hire channels of Vinasat instead of foreign satellites like Asiasat, IPStar or Miasat. Moreover, thanks to higher EIRP (Effective Isotropic radiated Power) of Vietnam satellite than that of other ones, customers can reduce investment into some devices for terminal stations. Besides, with the outstanding features like Ku Band and 8C- Band transponders providing coverage over countries of ASEAN, China, India, Japan, Australia and Hawaii, the spacecraft enables businesses to contact and co-operate with the leading foreign partners in telecommunications. VNPT vice president Thien Minh Bui (2008) stated:
The Vietnamese economy is well on its way to becoming fully integrated with the world economy and VNPT requires a completed telecommunication network to increase our market growth.
In addition, the improvement in living standards is another advantage. The turnkey satellite system provides local residents with great opportunities to use multiple new services such as mobile broadcasting, direct-to-home television, video conferencing and data transmission at high speed. Especially, minority people in mountainous and remote areas like Son La or Lai Chau can be fully equipped with regularly–run phones and televisions as they no longer have to depend on irregular operating ground networks. Jim Gribbon, Lockheed Martin’s vice president for Southeast Asia (2008), said that telecommunication network VINASAT-1, with a capacity equivalent to 120 television channels, could also bring long-distance learning and tele-medicine to the most isolated regions. Furthermore, VINASAT-1 will effectively assist in providing information for the fishermen’s job as well as for the prevention and emergency rescue in case of storms, floods and other natural disasters.
The most important benefit is the reinforcement of national security and confirmation of sovereignty in space. The satellite is used as a tool by the military and government to update political news all over the world. Therefore, they can quickly find a suitable solution to the detected rebel forces’ plots. In addition, according to Deputy Minister of Information and Communications Tran Duc Lai, the biggest result of the project is that Vietnam’s sovereignty is recognized at the geostationary satellite orbit. Operating its own satellite at the orbit shows that Vietnam is gradually keeping pace with other countries in the region and the world.
Nonetheless, some domestic companies are worried that they have no chances to hire a Vinasat -1 channel as 60 % of Vinasat-1 capacity has been occupied and the government takes priority to public activities over trade. In fact, this matter may last only for a few years as according to Nhan Dan newspaper (2009) Vietnam has just registered with the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) three more orbital positions. Therefore, the launch of the next satellite will be held soon, offering more chances of using new space technology.
In conclusion, Vinasat-1 has gradually confirmed their leading position in Vietnam technology as it is politically, economically and socially important, said Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung (2008).